Asthma is the chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterized by shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. Other associated symptoms are sleeplessness, fatigue and lack of activeness.
Asthma is declared incurable in modern medicine, so it is a manageable disease according to conventional medical science.
The symptoms occur due to narrowing of the airways, inflammation and accumulation of mucus in the lungs or bronchial tubes. Increased production of mucus insides the airways can be a cause of the symptoms.
It is not necessary that all people with this condition have the same symptoms. They can have different experiences with asthma on different stages of progress of the disease. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe depending on acute and chronic state of asthma. There are some common symptoms listed underneath.
1. Wheezing: Wheezing is an abnormal lung sound produced, because of narrowed or compressed airways of the lungs.
In asthma, wheezing is due to reversible airway obstruction and increased responsiveness of the bronchial tubes to various stimuli. Bronchospasm or abnormal contractions of the airways, swelling of the airway linings, overproduction of mucus are common causes of wheezing in asthma.
2. Shortness of breath: Trouble breathing is a classic sign of an asthma attack.
It refers to the feeling of breathlessness and medical term used for it is dyspnea. The patient can also feel tired while breathing and s/he has to make extra efforts for inhalation of air. It may have various causes, but if trouble breathing lasts for more than a week, it can be an indication of asthma if accompanied by other symptoms of the desase.
3. Chest tightness: Chest tightness is experienced in asthma, because of overproduction of mucus, constriction of the airways and inflammation of the linings of the airways in the lungs. The patient can also feel that the air is not moving the lungs.
It is also a common symptom in other diseases, such as heart disease, pulmonary embolism and COPD, so further medical evaluation and examination may be needed.
4. Coughing: If your cough lasts for more than three weeks and does not respond to cough suppressant medication, it may be a sign of asthma. Cough has many other causes that include throat irritation, postnasal drip, cold, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infection, acid reflux, pneumonia, heart diseases etc.
Asthma can also precipitate chronic cough. Generally, asthmatic cough occurs during nights. A type of asthma, known as cough variant asthma, has main symptoms of nonproductive cough and often is not accompanied by other classic symptoms of asthma.
1. Pain in chest
2. Feeling of pressure on the chest
5. Reduced activity levels in patients
Severe asthma attack does not develop immediately, it may take 6 to 48 hours to become serious, so you may have time to manage it before it gets worse. However, in some people, it may get worse quickly. Take rescue medication immediately to lessen the symptoms and decrease the effect of acute episode of asthma.
If you or your family member experience following symptoms, call for emergency help immediately as soon as possible.
1. If your rescue medication does not help to suppress your symptoms
2. Struggling for breath
3. Difficulty in speaking
4. If the patient's nostrils are flaring out
5. Racing Pulse
6. Agitation or restlessness
8. Blue lips
9. Blue nail beds
10. Excessive tiredness than usual
11. Fainted or Unconscious